Institute of Learning Styles Research

Overview of the Seven Perceptual Styles

print aural visual haptic interactive kinesthetic olfactory

Olfactory Modality - The Olfactory Learner

  • Learns best though the sense of smell and taste
  • Smells have a special significance
  • Associates a particular smell with specific past memories
  • Is frequently able to identify smells
  • Finds that smells add to learning

Click on each modality to find out more characteristics

Print - refers to seeing printed or written words.
Aural - refers to listening.
- refers to the sense of touch or grasp.
Interactive - refers to verbalization.
Kinesthetic - refers to whole body movement.
Olfactory - refers to sense of smell and taste.
Visual - refers to seeing visual depictions such as pictures and graphs.