Institute of Learning Styles Research

Overview of the Seven Perceptual Styles

print aural visual haptic interactive kinesthetic olfactory

Haptic Modality - The Haptic Learner

  • Likes a “hands-on" approach to learning
  • Involves the sense of touch in learning
  • Likes to do artwork
  • Likes to piece things together
  • May be fond of doodling
  • Likes to trace words and pictures
  • Is often seen “fiddling” with something
  • Is successful with tasks requiring manipulation

Click on each modality to find out more characteristics

Print - refers to seeing printed or written words.
Aural - refers to listening.
- refers to the sense of touch or grasp.
Interactive - refers to verbalization.
Kinesthetic - refers to whole body movement.
Olfactory - refers to sense of smell and taste.
Visual - refers to seeing visual depictions such as pictures and graphs.